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Textile Programs: PhD Textile

 

 
PhD Textile
 

Program Introduction

The PhD degree continues to be the realm of the specialist, but as levels of expertise in certain key areas such as science and technology, economics and finance, health sciences and medicine are in greater demand the popularity of the qualification grows.

PhD programs have the added value of bringing a cultural dimension to period of study, putting student in touch with academics and researchers in highly developed research networks.  PhD students benefit from such links by bringing both different points of view and intellectual approaches to shared research topics.  Developing such links is often seen as an integral benefit to study at this level and can be one of the ways in which you access future employment and career opportunities.

In science and technology subjects, PhD program is likely to be organized differently, with a far greater concentration on small research groups under the supervision of one or more academic mentors. PhD programs require the completion of both a bachelors and a Masters degree before admission is considered.  Moreover, the application process is dependent on a research proposal that is both interesting to a university and that an individual academic is able to supervise. 

The Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) will be offered in the following areas.

(i)                 Textile Design
(ii)               Textile technology
(iii)             Textile Management

1)   Textile Design

(i)                 Mission

The Doctor of Philosophy in Textile Design area provides both integration and balance between creative design and technology, to educate textile designers who combine theory, practice, scholarly research and application of knowledge in their chosen professions.. The program opens up the opportunity for successful and creative professional development for students who hold previous studio arts degrees, plus those coming from alternative backgrounds.

The program structure has a unique balance of a strong technology base across all aspects of textiles, upon which students build their design skills in a single concentration of knit, weave or print. Collaborative experiences with other majors, plus a range of additional projects assigned by industry professionals and companies, serve to expand the students’ experiences.

(ii)               Program Learning Goals

Through the course of the program, students will:

  • Develop an appreciation of the multi-faceted nature of textile design and the technical knowledge, skills, design and development processes and business structures required for a professional career in textiles.
  • Practice sustained visual research through original visual observation and trend information.
  • Apply visual research and technical skills into a collection of knitted, woven or printed textiles.
  • Apply their acquired skills toward the development of a unique research projects.
  • Perform written and oral technical communications at a competent level.
  • During the first year students will complete the required coursework including 9 credit hours of core subjects (3 courses). The student’s doctoral committee will require additional courses of 9 credit hours (3 courses) to enhance the student’s research. All courses will be taken in the first year of the doctoral program. Students will then be required to pass a two-part qualifying examination in the field of textile technology. The first part is a written examination, and the second part is an oral examination. A major and a minor topic will be chosen by the candidate and the doctoral committee and agreed upon at least four months in advance of the examination. The result of the two-part qualifying examination will be a pass or a fail. Both the written and oral examinations should be completed by the end of the second semester of study. Upon the successful completion of the examination, students will be formally admitted to doctoral candidacy. This will usually occur after the first year of fulltime enrollment.
  • Students who fail the qualifying examination on the first attempt will be given one more chance, at the discretion of the committee, to improve their performance. In any case, the qualifying examination must be completed before the end of the second year of the student’s doctoral program.
  • The candidate will then make a formal Ph.D. thesis proposal defense. Once approved by the doctoral committee, students will conduct their doctoral research and subsequent dissertation. At the completion of a written dissertation, the candidate will give a formal and public thesis defense. Upon a successful defense the student’s candidacy will be completed and upon the recommendation of the faculty of the University of Management and Technology the candidate will be awarded the Ph.D. in the field of Textile Technology and Science.
  • The PhD Program will include course work comprising of 18 credit hours. Students will take three core courses and select three more courses according to their specialization. The student’s doctoral committee may advise one or more deficiency courses at the start of the coursework, in which case, their time of completion will not be considered in the duration of the PhD Program.

(iii)             Program Description

During the first year students will complete the required coursework including 9 credit hours of core subjects (3 courses). The student’s doctoral committee will require additional courses of 9 credit hours (3 courses) to enhance the student’s research. All courses will be taken in the first year of the doctoral program. Students will then be required to pass a two-part qualifying examination in the field of textile. The first part is a written examination, and the second part is an oral examination. A major and a minor topic will be chosen by the candidate and the doctoral committee and agreed upon at least four months in advance of the examination. The result of the two-part qualifying examination will be a pass or a fail. Both the written and oral examinations should be completed by the end of the second semester of study. Upon the successful completion of the examination, students will be formally admitted to doctoral candidacy. This will usually occur after the first year of fulltime enrollment.

Students who fail the qualifying examination on the first attempt will be given one more chance, at the discretion of the committee, to improve their performance. In any case, the qualifying examination must be completed before the end of the second year of the student’s doctoral program.

The candidate will then make a formal Ph.D. thesis proposal defense. Once approved by the doctoral committee, students will conduct their doctoral research and subsequent dissertation. At the completion of a written dissertation, the candidate will give a formal and public thesis defense. Upon a successful defense the student’s candidacy will be completed and upon the recommendation of the faculty of the University of Management and Technology the candidate will be awarded the Ph.D. in the field of Textile Technology and Science.

The PhD Program will include course work comprising of 18 credit hours. Students will take three core courses and select three more courses according to their specialization.

Admission Requirements

Students having masters degree in textile design and fashion design having an average in their undergraduate studies of 3.0/4.0 will be eligible for admission. All the HEC regulations will have to be observed. Students will have to qualify GAT subject examination held by NTS.

CORE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX711              Weaving Technology              OR

TX721              Knitting Technology

TX722              Textile Printing Technology

TX731              Advanced Research Methodology

ELECTIVE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX761              Design Studio I

TX771              Design Studio II

TX781              Design Management

TX791              Advanced Drawing Techniques

The Design Studio courses make up the majority of the coursework in the PhD in Textile Design program. Students are required to specialize in one design area (knit, weave or print), but are encouraged to incorporate the other areas of textile design through their foundation courses, elective or design studio work.

The student’s doctoral committee may advise one or more deficiency courses at the start of the coursework, in which case, their time of completion will not be considered in the duration of the PhD Program.

DEFICIENCY COURSES

TX501              Fiber and Yarn Studies

TX511              Design Foundation

TX521              Advanced Computer Aided Textile Design

TX531              Textile Dyeing and Finishing

TX541              Advanced Jacquard Designs

2)   Textile Technology

Program Objectives

  • PhD Textile program is to educate textile engineers and technologists who combine theory, practice, scholarly research and application of knowledge in their chosen professions.
  • It is expected that graduates of the doctoral program will pursue careers in basic and applied research in industry, government or university settings.
  • Graduates will contribute original research and scholarly publications in the fiber and textile fields.
  • The doctoral programs in Textile will emphasize not only on depth in fundamental textile technology/ engineering, but also an interdisciplinary approach to understand technologies in which textile engineers and scientists can and should take a leading role.
  • It is this combined emphasis on fundamentals, the ability to think and work outside ones area of expertise and the ability to frame complex problems that best defines this doctoral program.
  •  Students will propose a textile technology and science problem of substance and will then develop a solution.
  • Students will be demonstrated the ability to apply scientific principles to meet textile technology needs with due regard to social and economic factors and within a reasonable time constraint.
  • Students will be introduced to research skills and methods, product development, design management and methods, with marketing and business skills. The emphasis of the course is learning how best to present ideas, and where and how to place them in the market.
  • Students will propose to research in interested area of textiles in knit, print, weave, or embroidery for fashion or interiors, or in fashion designs.

Program Learning Outcomes

Graduates of the Ph.D. in Textile will:

  • Demonstrate knowledge of and proficiency in applying research methodology to textile engineering.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and proficiency in technical aspects of textile.
  • Analyze and critique established textile and engineering theories and synthesize new theories based on research.
  • Apply their acquired skills toward the development of a unique research projects.
  • Perform written and oral technical communications at a competent level.

Program Description:

The doctoral program in Textile emphasizes not only depth in fundamental textile technology and science/mechanical engineering disciplines, but also an interdisciplinary approach to understanding technologies in which textile engineers and scientists can and should take a leading role.

It is this combined emphasis on fundamentals, the ability to think and work outside one’s area of expertise and the ability to frame complex problems that best defines this doctoral program. Students will propose a textile technology  and science problem of substance and will then develop a solution. Students must demonstrate the ability to apply scientific principles to meet technology needs with due regard to social and economic factors and within a reasonable time constraint.

During the first year students will complete the required coursework including 9 credit hours of core subjects (3 courses). The student’s doctoral committee will require additional courses of 9 credit hours (3 courses) to enhance the student’s research. All courses will be taken in the first year of the doctoral program. Students will then be required to pass a two-part qualifying examination in the field of textile. The first part is a written examination, and the second part is an oral examination. A major and a minor topic will be chosen by the candidate and the doctoral committee and agreed upon at least four months in advance of the examination. The result of the two-part qualifying examination will be a pass or a fail. Both the written and oral examinations should be completed by the end of the second semester of study. Upon the successful completion of the examination, students will be formally admitted to doctoral candidacy. This will usually occur after the first year of fulltime enrollment.

Students who fail the qualifying examination on the first attempt will be given one more chance, at the discretion of the committee, to improve their performance. In any case, the qualifying examination must be completed before the end of the second year of the student’s doctoral program.

The candidate will then make a formal Ph.D. thesis proposal defense. Once approved by the doctoral committee, students will conduct their doctoral research and subsequent dissertation. At the completion of a written dissertation, the candidate will give a formal and public thesis defense. Upon a successful defense the student’s candidacy will be completed and upon the recommendation of the faculty of the University of Management and Technology the candidate will be awarded the Ph.D. in the field of Textile Technology and Science.

The PhD Program will include course work comprising of 18 credit hours. Students will take three core courses and select three more courses according to their specialization. The student’s doctoral committee may advise one or more deficiency courses at the start of the coursework, in which case, their time of completion will not be considered in the duration of the PhD Program.

Admission Requirements

Students having Masters Degree in Textile having an average in their graduate studies of 3.0/4.0 will normally qualify for admission. All HEC rules and regulations will have to be observed for admissions. Students will have to qualify GAT subject examination held by NTS.

CORE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX718              Advanced Yarn Studies

TX728              Advanced Woven Structures               OR

TX729              Advanced Knitted Structures              OR

TX730              Advanced Nonwoven Structures

TX731              Advanced Research Methodology

            ELECTIVE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX758              Coloration and Finishing Studies

TX768              Advanced Textile Composites

TX778              Advanced Woven Structures- Product Development             OR

TX779              Advanced Knitted Structures- Product Development OR

TX780              Advanced Nonwoven Structures- Product Development       OR

TX788              Industrial and Specialty Fabrics- Product Development

TX798              Advanced Chemistry of Fibrous Materials

TX799              Textile and Apparel Operations Management

The student’s doctoral committee may advise one or more deficiency courses at the start of the coursework, in which case, their time of completion will not be considered in the duration of the PhD Program.

DEFICIENCY COURSES

TX501              Fiber and Yarn Studies

TX508              Characterization of Fibrous Materials

TX531              Textile Dyeing and Finishing

TX505              Statistical Analysis for Business Decisions

TX515              Garment Development

TX535              Apparel Work Measurement

TX545              Accounting for Management Decisions

TX555              Textile Testing and Quality Control

3)   Textile Management

Textile Technology Management is a multidisciplinary program designed to educate students for research and management careers in technology management in the fiber, textile, apparel and related industries complex. The program is designed to give the students a breadth of knowledge of the materials and technologies employed in the industries as well as the quantitative and analytical tools of management.

Admission Requirements

Students majoring in textiles; industrial, systems and manufacturing engineering; statistics; operations research; computer science; economics; consumer economics; marketing; and business administration in their Masters degree, and having an average GPA of 3.0/4.0 will normally qualify for admission. All HEC rules and regulations will have to be followed for admission in the program. The candidate must have cleared relevant GAT subject test held by NTS.

Doctoral Degree Requirements

36 credit hours of MS degree and 18 credit hours of PhD coursework. Students are admitted to candidacy for the Ph.D. degree after passing two preliminary written and oral examinations (the first covering manufacturing technology and the second the management of technology) and orally defending a research proposal. They must also have passed an English technical writing course during their college career and, depending on the nature of their research interests, may also be required to demonstrate a reading knowledge of one foreign language. In addition candidates are also required to clear GAT subject examination prior to seeking admission in PhD. In case of un-availability of GAT subject examination GRE international will be compulsory to clear before seeking admission in PhD.

Course Offerings

CORE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX715              Inventory and Logistics Management in the Global Supply Chain

TX725              Product Evaluation

TX735              Market Research

            ELECTIVE COURSES (3 courses of 9 credit hours)

TX755              Systems Engineering

TX765              Management Communication and Negotiations

TX731              Advanced Research methodology

TX781              Design Management

TX799              Textile and Apparel Operations management

TX785              Quality Management

The student’s doctoral committee may advise one or more deficiency courses at the start of the coursework, in which case, their time of completion will not be considered in the duration of the PhD Program.

DEFICIENCY COURSES

TX501              Fiber and Yarn Studies

TX505              Statistical Analysis for Business Decisions

TX515              Garment Development

TX531              Textile Dyeing and Finishing

TX535              Apparel Work Measurement

TX545              Accounting for Management Decisions

Faculty:

  1. Prof. Dr.  Rasheed A Kausar
  2. Dr. Ahmed Siddiqui
  3. Dr. Nabeel Amin
  4. Dr. Tashfeem M. Azhar

PhD in Textile

Courses Offered

TX501              Fiber and Yarn Studies

TX505              Statistical Analysis for Business Decisions

TX508              Characterization of Fibrous Materials

TX511              Design Foundation

TX515              Garment Development

TX521              Advanced Computer Aided Textile Design

TX531              Textile Dyeing and Finishing

TX535              Apparel Work Measurement

TX541              Advanced Jacquard Designs

TX545              Accounting for Management Decisions

TX555              Textile Testing and Quality Control

TX711              Weaving Technology

TX715              Inventory and Logistics Management in the Global Supply Chain

TX718              Advanced Yarn Studies

TX721              Knitting Technology

TX722              Textile Printing Technology

TX725              Product Evaluation

TX728              Advanced Woven Structures

TX729              Advanced Knitted Structures

TX730              Advanced Nonwoven Structures

TX731              Advanced Research Methodology

TX735              Market Research

TX755              Systems Engineering

TX758              Coloration and Finishing Studies

TX761              Design Studio I

TX765              Management Communication and Negotiations

TX768              Advanced Textile Composites

TX771              Design Studio II

TX778              Advanced Woven Structures- Product Development             OR

TX779              Advanced Knitted Structures- Product Development OR

TX780              Advanced Nonwoven Structures- Product Development       OR

TX781              Design Management

TX785              Quality Management

TX788              Industrial and Specialty Fabrics- Product Development

TX791              Advanced Drawing Techniques

TX798              Advanced Chemistry of Fibrous Materials

TX799              Textile and Apparel Operations Management

 

DETAILS OF COURSES:

TX501              Fiber and Yarn Studies

This course advances the knowledge of fibers and yarns. In the case of cotton and wool, a detailed study of how fibers are produced is made and how the properties and structure of fibers vary in relation to variability in growing conditions is explored. For man-made fibers, the length and fineness can be changed during manufacture depending on the type of system on which the yarn is to be produced. Yarn-processing systems are covered in detail along with faults that can result from various causes, in either the fiber or the machines. Quality-control procedures are emphasized at each stage of processing, along with methods for analyzing test results.

Typical products are discussed from the point of view of type of fiber used and type of yarn structure.

TX505              Statistical Analysis for Business Decisions

Descriptive statistical measures and probability theory are combined to provide the basis for statistical decision-making techniques. Areas covered include: measures of central tendency, measures of variability, hypothesis testing and confidence intervals, one- and two-way analysis of variance, Chi-squares and non-parametric statistical techniques. This is a foundation course that does not count for credit toward the graduate degree.

TX508              Characterization of Fibrous Materials

Topics will include chemical nature and structure; mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties; viscoelastic properties, use of instrumentation with computer-controlled data acquisition; IR, RAMAN, and molecular spectroscopies; SEM; and creep/stress relaxation. The physical and mechanical testing of fibers, yarns and fabrics are studied, along with the static and dynamic-load response of textiles.

TX511              Design Foundation

Color is introduced in this foundation design course with an emphasis placed on its practical application in the design process. Projects done by students, using a variety of media, will explore the interaction of color in design with both formal, biophysical and psychological implications and goals. In-depth studies emphasizing the use of color and varied media in both 2D and 3D forms are undertaken in this foundation course. The interrelationship of the elements and principles of design are addressed through solving a variety of visual problems. Processes of abstraction are explored in projects using a wide variety of media. Students will be expected to develop their abilities for critical analysis of their own work, as well as design processes and products in general.

 

TX515              Garment Development

TX521              Advanced Computer Aided Textile Design

This course focuses on both the conceptual and technical aspects of digital portfolio presentation for the textile designer. Students will use interactive media to create both a CD-ROM portfolio and a personal website. Course projects provide an in-depth exploration of Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator and multimedia design software. Students must have a clear understanding of Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator before enrolling in this course.

TX531              Textile Dyeing and Finishing

This course presents an overview of the wet processing of fibers, yarns and fabrics. Included are the preparation, dyeing and finishing of textiles. Some emphasis is placed on the chemistry and technology involved in these operations. Dyes are studied by their method of application and the primary substrates to which they are applied. Chemical, thermal and mechanical processes are discussed for both preparation and finishing of fabrics.

TX535              Apparel Work Measurement

The fundamentals of rate setting, productivity measurement and methods analysis and improvements are studied. The use of standard data including methods-time-measurement, scientific operator training and similar industrial engineering techniques are covered. Learning tools, with emphasis on videotape, are studied and used. Laboratory work stresses practice by student.

TX541              Advanced Jacquard Designs

The design and production of Jacquard fabrics will be studied. Students analyze designs and produce complex fabrics on commercial equipment using computerized design and production systems.

TX545              Accounting for Management Decisions

This course provides students previously exposed to financial and managerial accounting principles an opportunity to study the structure and use of accounting systems designed to aid management in controlling costs and profits. The course stresses the following: financial statement interpretation as a basis for decision making; cash flow analysis; cash budgeting; cost volume profit analysis; costing and interpretation of manufacturing systems; and the impact of international competition, responsibility accounting and the impact of inflation.

TX 555             Textile Testing and Quality Control

Principles of objective and subjective measurements, analysis, evaluation and standardization of textile properties including uniformity of fibrous materials , strength of fibers , yarns and fabrics, statistical size effects , Martindale theory , hand/comfort/fit , fiber selection components , design of inter-laboratory tests , and development of test standards. Quality control and improvement methods for textile processes and products including quality systems, statistical control chart procedures, process capabilities, acceptance sampling plans, textile process and product designs, online and offline control systems and specific quality factors governing textile products and processes and their variabilities.TX711              Weaving Technology

TX715              Inventory and Logistics Management in the Global Supply Chain

TX718              Advanced Yarn Studies

This course allows for an independent pursuit of advanced knowledge through a literature search in a selected area of research. Further, the course is structured toward an advanced study of the newer methods of yarn manufacture and the latest developments in processing, computerized control and testing methods. Relationships between yarn properties and product properties are investigated.

 

TX721              Knitting Technology

TX722              Textile Printing Technology

TX725              Product Evaluation

The processes for the evaluation of fabrics and products are examined. The use of product assessment as a tool for process and product improvement is emphasized. The complexity of the fiber, yarn, fabric and product-forming systems is such that it requires careful evaluation at each stage of the manufacturing process. A comprehensive understanding of the interrelationships of the fabric and product forming stages as related to their evaluation is developed. Established and innovative methods of evaluation are explored.

TX728              Advanced Woven Structures

TX729              Advanced Knitted Structures

TX730              Advanced Nonwoven Structures

TX731              Advanced Research Methodology

Introduction to statistics & probability; Acceptance sampling in textiles; Measures of central tendency; Measures of variation; Analysis of variation (ANOVA); Correlation & regression; Statistical process control; Process control charts, Pareto charts; Process capability analysis; Design & analysis of experiments; Time Management; Egineering Economics

TX735              Market Research

TX755              Systems Engineering

TX758              Coloration and Finishing Studies

Applications studied in detail will include methods of imparting dimensional stability to cotton fabrics through cross-linking; the problems associated with dyeing fiber blends; textile printing using pigments and various dyes. A study will also be made of binders, e.g., latex use in pigment printing and dyeing. Other methods of textile coloration, e.g., solution dyeing, garment dyeing and transfer printing will be considered.

Instrumental color measurement will also be covered.

TX761              Design Studio I

TX765              Management Communication and Negotiations

TX768              Advanced Textile Composites

The objectives of this course will be to expose the student to the textile materials and processes used in composite applications and to introduce methods of analyzing and predicting the behavior of the resultant products. Fiber architecture of textiles used for composites is reviewed along with manufacturing processes. Tools for predicting elastic properties will be introduced along with the relationship of elastic properties and geometric considerations.

TX771              Design Studio II

TX778              Advanced Woven Structures- Product Development

Independent pursuit of goals in the development of woven fabrics is emphasized. The student will complete three projects, with product-development skills enhancement as a primary goal. Each project will require a search of current literature, the use of CAD, selection of equipment, production of a prototype fabric and submission of a technical report.

Two of the projects will be selected by the course advisor and the third will be student-selected.

TX779              Advanced Knitted Structures- Product Development

This course is an in-depth study of weft- and warp-knitting technologies, fabric constructions, and apparel, home furnishing and industrial products/applications/markets. Weft-knit fabric technologies studied include single flat and tubular, double knit, fully fashioned, electronic, etc. Warpknit fabric technologies studied include tricot and raschel, weft inserted, double needle bar, multiaxial, etc. Students are exposed to a variety of weft- and warp-knitting machines, stitch constructions and mechanical and electronic design/pattern mechanisms. Knit fabric geometry is analyzed on the machine, off the machine and after finishing. The relationship and interactions between the knitting yarn and knitting elements are well established. Knitting productivity and quality factors are emphasized.

TX780              Advanced Nonwoven Structures- Product Development

Nonwovens have a vast range of physical properties and end-user applications with an exceptionally high performance-to-price ratio. Such remarkable characteristics are possible due to the range of fiber type, bonding methods, and finishing methods possible at an exceptionally low cost. This course is intended to give a broad range of knowledge in nonwoven manufacturing methods cost and end-user applications and consumption. This will be accomplished by lecture, laboratory experiments, literature searches, research, cost analysis, statistical comparisons and modeling.

TX781              Design Management

TX785              Quality Management

Industrial fabrics are used in a variety of applications other than consumer apparel and home furnishing products. For example, industrial fabrics are used in automotive trim, architectural fabric structure, awnings/outdoor furniture, aerostats, camping products, commercial/institutional interior trim and furnishings, composites, conveyor belts, filtration, geotextile and geomembrane applications, hazardous occupational products, marine products, military products, passive solar systems, sails, tarpaulins, tents, tires and window energy systems. This course is concerned with the study of major industrial-fabric applications and constructions. The performance requirements for each major industrial application will be related to the selection of specific fabric constructions. Trends in industrial fibers, yarn structures, fabric constructions, fabric finishing/coating/laminating and in fabrication of industrial products are reviewed for each major application. Each major application/market will be covered, wherein specific requirements and qualified fabric construction will be reviewed. The historical development of each application will be emphasized to demonstrate the impact of new materials/material forms/processing techniques on the dynamic nature of the industrial fabric business.

TX788              Industrial and Specialty Fabrics- Product Development

TX791              Advanced Drawing Techniques

TX798              Advanced Chemistry of Fibrous Materials

The course is designed to introduce modern methods of instrumental analysis and related technologies to fibrous materials. This course is concerned with the study of spectroscopic methods such as: UV-Spectroscopy, FTIR, NMR, EPR, GC, HPLC, microscopy, DSC and some microbiological methods, etc., applied to material science and technology. In addition, this course will introduce students to related fields of fibrous materials and polymers such as gels and sprays, and the technology of production of delivery systems for drugs and medications. Introduction to adhesion processes and super-absorbents (e.g., diapers, incontinence products and biotextiles) will also be covered. Lectures are complemented with laboratory work and seminars.

TX799              Textile and Apparel Operations Management

This course is intended to cover the usual operations management topics, but with direct emphasis on textile and apparel operations. It deals with such topics as global competitiveness, product layout, strategies of life-cycle management, capacity planning and forecasting, quality management, materials management, human resource management, facilities management, production planning, characteristics of textile equipment and managing technological change.